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    Draft Resolution 1.0

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    DISEC_US

    Posts : 4
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    Join date : 2014-05-13

    Draft Resolution 1.0

    Post by DISEC_US on Fri May 16, 2014 11:04 pm

    Canada International Model United Nations 2014
    Disarmament and International Security Committee
    Topic A: Territorial Disputes and Underwater Resources
    Draft Resolution 1.0
    Sponsors: Australia, France, Philippines, United States of America, Qatar
    Signatories: Belize, Chile, China, Croatia, Denmark, El Salvador, Finland, Germany, Indonesia, Israel, Luxembourg, Panama, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, Democratic Republic of Congo

    The Disarmament and International Security Committee,

    Noting Article 76 of the UNCLOS, which states that “the continental shelf of a coastal State comprises the seabed and subsoil of the submarine areas that extend beyond its territorial sea throughout the natural prolongation of its land territory to the outer edge of the continental margin, or to a distance of 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured where the outer edge of the continental margin does not extend up to that distance”,

    Recognizing the illegitimacy of the nine dotted line proposed by the People’s Republic of China,

    Acknowledging the need to revise the laws stated by the UNCLOS,

    Deeply concerned with the need for oil and gas exploration in the South China Sea,

    Emphasizing the need for economic zones based on distance from the country,

    Regarding in mind the fact of complications implicated with historical claims and countries making the best use of resources, to be of inefficient methods of splitting the islands

    Noting with disappointment of the military monopoly of the People’s Republic of China in the South China Sea,

    Imploring the need to create free oil and gas exploration of the South China Sea,

    Noting with importance the global economy and oil being a vital factor,


    1. Declares the nine-dotted line to be invalid due to the fact that it violates international law, specifically Article 76 of the UNCLOS;

    2. Encourages the involvement of third party organizations, which are limited to internationally renowned commissions/organizations like the International Court of Justice, to provide input to conflicting nations in hopes of further encouraging and aiding multilateral agreements and negotiations;

    3. Recommends the Legal Committee to amend the UNCLOS, to the extent that it includes actions taken against nations that violate the treaty, specifically recommending that we put economic and military sanctions against violators;

    4. Recommends the Legal Committee to amend the UNCLOS, so it includes articles that determine when there are two nations that have overlapping EEZ’s:
    a. We propose that the Committee on the Limits of the Continental Shelf to equally divide the overlapping EEZ’s in terms which nation needs the resources more;
    b. Defines a nation as needing resources more by a nation’s:
    i. Annual Imports/exports;
    ii. Annual GDP (Nominal and Per Capita);

    5. Asks nations with claims over disputed territories in the South China Sea to develop and sign a multilateral, legally binding agreement:
    a. China will withdraw their warships as the United States simultaneously withdraws all of its troops, as both nations are given 3 months after the signing of all nations;
    b. China and conflicting nations must withdraw at least 25% of their troops within 5 months after the signing of all nations;
    c. China and conflicting nations must withdraw at least 50% of their troops within 10 months after the signing of all nations;
    d. China and conflicting nations must withdraw at least 75% of their troops within 15 months after the signing of all nations;
    e. China and conflicting nations must completely withdraw all of their troops within 20 months after the signing of all nations;

    6. Recommends that the following disputed territories will be distributed as:
    a. The Spratly Islands are given to the Philippines because of Article 76 of the UNCLOS;
    b. The Paracel Islands are split due to economic value and past developments between the People’s Republic of China and Vietnam, as both are within 200 nautical miles of said disputed territory;
    c. China is to be given the Pratas Islands because of Article 76 of the UNCLOS;


    7. Implements a peace treaty made between the countries involved within the territorial disputes of the South China Sea to ensure peace and security while the demilitarization takes place;



    8. Affirms that free trade will be ensured throughout the area at all times through the
    enforcement of having no tariffs and minimal restriction;

    9. Resolves to remain seized upon the issue at hand.

      Current date/time is Fri Aug 17, 2018 8:41 am