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    Working Paper 2.0


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    Join date : 2014-05-12

    Working Paper 2.0 Empty Working Paper 2.0

    Post by SPECPOL_Afganistan on Sat May 17, 2014 4:28 pm

    Working Paper 2.0

    Sponsors: Afghanistan, Brazil, and Republic of Cuba
    Signatories: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chad, Ecuador, Germany, Guatemala, Haiti, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Latvia, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Tonga, Russia, Serbia, Somalia, United Kingdom.
    The Fourth Assembly - Special, Political, and Decolonization Committee,
    Affirming that the current iteration of International Space Laws requires significant modification and revision in order to be effective,
    Deeply concerned with the loopholes in the current International Space Law which has been exploited to allow conventional weapons to be applied in space,
    Emphasizing that sustainability of Space must be maintained to presere the best interests of the human race,
    Encouraging strong involvement by all member states regardless of the presence of a space program to ensure accountability for active nations,
    Fully Aware that developing countries, such as Djibouti, had an ubiquitous lack of presence in space,
    Contemplating the recent incident and political standstill involving the confinement of three Russian astronauts on the ISS, which was jointly resolved by gracious agreement from Russia and China,
    Recognizing Russia’s recent attempt to test missiles in space;
    1) Reaffirms that all outer space activities must be approved by the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA). The following activities must be presented to the UNOOSA for permission:
    a) Space Activity:
    i) Non-aggressive ASAT missions, so if a party has the need to dispose of one of its satellites.
    ii) Satellites, including covert spy satellites and those for space weaponization,
    iii) Satellites for commercial use;
    b) Enforcement:
    i) UNOOSA will detect the presence of weapons in outer space by inspecting spacecraft prior to launch.
    ii) UNOOSA will monitor space activities for misconduct in outer space treaties, and will if necessary report such misconduct to the UN Security Council.
    c) Incentives:
    i) This neutral and non-governmental body will review plans and recommendations the most sustainable and peaceful plans, without infringing on any countries' national interest.
    ii) It will create global accountability and assurance.

    2) Requests that member states contribute to the research methods of minimizing the presence of space debris, with the conclusion that such research would be communally shared among all member states, by contribution exportation of space-technology experts in member states as well as

    3) Requests that member states bring to the attention of the General Assembly all forthcoming launches of ASAT armament or commercial satellites, as well as:
    a) Fund research in alternative methods of satellite disposal with the ultimate goal of eliminating the need for Anti-Satellite-Armament (ASAT).

    4) Hoping that the (UNOOSA) will act as a forum for the sharing of ideas and building of mutually beneficial relations between nations.

    5) Orders the terms in the Outer Space Treaty of 1967, Article IV, which currently states “nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction”, to be re-defined as:
    a) Nuclear material, with the exception of nuclear-powered satellites, whether that be:
    i) Nuclear weaponry,
    ii) Nuclear-weaponry research,
    b) Kinetic bombardment, that may cause destructive consequences to earth,
    c) Chemical weapons,
    d) Any technology with the potential for lasting radioactivity,
    e) Unreported, offensive usage of Anti-Satellite-Weaponry;

    6) Allows the use of conventional weapons such as handguns and assault rifles for self-protection, such as:
    a) When faced with unpredictable elements,
    b) Oncoming celestial bodies,

    7) Recommends the progressive implementation of binding consequences for the violation of International Space Laws. These consequences will be:
    a) Suspension of the violating state from SPECPOL,
    b) Suspension of the violating state from UNOOSA,
    c) Monetary fines,
    d) Referral of the offence to the UNSC for further litigation;

      Current date/time is Mon Sep 16, 2019 7:42 am